Importing from China is an important way of improving profit margin to many business owners.
To many Australian sellers, especially those small and medium sized business owners, manufacturing their products domestically would be way too costly than importing from China.
Sourcing and importing products from China is a more practical and financially efficient way to run an online business in Australia.
After determining the product you want to import from China, the next thing you want to do would be finding a proper and reliable supplier for it.
There are several common ways of finding Chinese suppliers, and you can either do it online in Australia or on-site in China.
Find Chinese suppliers online
- on wholesale websites
- on search engines
- on social media platforms
Taking Alibaba as an example, it’s the largest Chinese international trading platform used not only by business owners in Australia but sellers across the world. So you can source a tremendous amount of products and suppliers on it.
To find a supplier on Alibaba, you can just simply search the keywords of your targeted product and find the best-matched supplier, or you can submit a Request for Quotation (RFQ) and wait for the suppliers to reach out to you.
Besides wholesale websites, there are also other online channels including search engines like google and social media platforms like LinkedIn which you can utilize to find your ideal suppliers.
If you are interested, you can check this video I posted to learn exactly how these methods of finding suppliers online work.
Find Chinese suppliers offline
- in Chinese trade shows
- in Chinese wholesale markets
- in Chinese industrial clusters
Quite a few sellers prefer to source their products in a more direct way – visiting China, so they can see the products with their own eyes and get the most competitive price.
Trade shows and wholesale markets in China are where most Australian sellers would go for product sourcing.
Spend 10-20 hours taking a flight from Australia to China, and you’ll be able to contact thousands of suppliers in the most directive manner and access and feel millions of products in person.
There are thousands of trade shows going on every year in China, if you want to make sure the ones you attend are the best options for you, you can check this list of the best rated Chinese trade shows.
Wholesale markets are a lot like trade shows, but with fewer product category limits and lower Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ). If you are not able to attend any trade shows, then maybe you can find what you want by visiting those famous wholesale markets in China.
Compared to trade shows and wholesale markets, some of the experienced sellers would choose to go further into industrial clusters. It is common sense that the more original your supply sources are, the more likely you can get lower prices.
If you manage to find a manufacturer that doesn’t go to any trade show and only sell its products through trading companies instead of online e-commerce platforms like Alibaba, then congratulation, you’ll probably get a better price offer than the ones you can get at anywhere else.
Shipping from China to Australia is another significant part of the whole importing process, and it is directly related to your import cost and product profit margin.
1. Choose your ship method
There are 3 common options for shipping your product back from China to Australia: sea transport, air transport, and express.
Relatively speaking, sea transport is the cheapest way and used by most importers, but it takes the longest delivery time; while air transport is the fastest but also the most expensive way; and express is somewhere between sea transport and air transport.
Based on your actual needs, taking the quantity and properties of your goods into consideration, you should select the most cost-effective way of shipping your goods from China to Australia.
2. Find a Freight forwarder
A freight forwarder is an agency or company that will organize the shipment for you to get your goods from the manufacture in China to your warehouse in Australia.
As an importer, normally you will be working with one or two freight forwarders, taking care of or respectively taking care of the logistics of your goods in Australia and China.
You can find your own freight forwarder domestically in Australia that you feel comfortable to work with, or, you can find a Chinese local freight forwarder whose services tend to be more cost-friendly.
If you don’t like to spend too much time and energy on finding a freight forwarder, you may also ask your suppliers to do it for you as long as you can make sure the prices quoted by them are reasonable.
3. Figure out the logistics Cost
Incoterms are a set of globally recognized rules that separate the responsibilities between the sellers and buyers.
In our case of importing from China to Australia, the most common rule would be FOB (free on board) which means the quoted price should include the fees that occurred before your cargo is delivered on board the vessel at the port designated by you.
Under the FOB rule, the seller should be responsible for the logistics and risks before the cargo is on board, and it should arrange for export clearance as well.
According to Australian Border Force (ABF), you don’t need an import license for importing from China to Australia, but there can be requirements applied covering aspects like valuation, origin, concession, and labeling depending on the nature of your goods.
Let’s get started with a checklist of the aspects involving requirements related to importing that an Australian importer must know about：
1. Make a declaration to the Australian customs
All importers need to make declarations in order to clear their goods from customs control into home consumption in Australia or into a customs licensed warehouse.
There are 3 declaration types applicable for Australian importers depending on the value of the imported goods: self-assessed clearance declaration, import declaration, and warehouse declaration.
If your imported goods have a value under or equal to AUD1,000, in which case no import duties will be charged generally (except tobacco & alcohol), self-assessed clearance (SAC) declarations can be applied, which can only be lodged electronically through the Integrated Cargo System (ICS).
But if your goods arrive through international mail / as unaccompanied personal effects / under a carnet, then you are not allowed to use SAC declarations.
For imported goods whose value is over AUD1, 000, you have to make an import declaration and pay the relevant import duties.
An import declaration can be lodged either electronically via ICS or documentarily in person.
If you want to store the goods imported from China (value ≥ AUD1,000) into an Australian customs warehouse instead of clearing them into home consumption, then you can make a warehouse declaration, which can also be lodged electronically or documentarily.
If you intend to lodge an import declaration or a warehouse declaration in person, you need to bring the following documents with you:
- Bill of lading or air waybill
- Invoices or other commercial documents
- Evidence of your identity
- Permits or approvals for your goods
- Other relevant documents
All relevant documentation must be kept for 5 years after an import declaration.
2. Identify Prohibited Products
The first thing you should keep in mind is that not everything can be imported or exported to or from Australia, there are items prohibited to be imported by the Australian government, while some of them can still be imported with certain permission, the others are prohibited absolutely.
As an importer, you are supposed to be fully responsible for the legitimation of your goods.
If you are found importing prohibited goods without duly permission and the relevant documents, you might face a huge number of penalties, or even worse – imprisonment up to 10 years.
So, above all other steps, the first thing you should do while importing from China to Australia is to make sure the targeted products are importable. To do that, you could check this list of prohibited items published by ABF.
3. Clarify the origin of your goods
When you perform importation in Australia, you have to clarify the origin of your goods. Australia has signed agreements with many countries and regions, including China, in respect of international trading.
The customs will determine your eligibility for importing benefits based on the origin of your goods. So, a certificate of origin (COO) is necessary for importing from China, if you need further information, you can check this China – Australia Free Trade Agreements page of ABF.
4. Label your products with trade descriptions
Under the Commerce (Trade Descriptions) Act 1905 (the Act) and the Commerce (Trade Descriptions) Regulation 2016, certain goods should be proper labeled with a trade description so that they can be imported into Australia.
Generally, the trade description must meet the following specific standards:
- In English and in legible characters
- Include the name of the origin country (e.g. China or PRC)
- If required, include a true description of the goods
- Be in the form of a principal label or brand attached in a prominent position
Most of the items imported from China to Australia will subject to this labeling requirement, if you fail to meet this requirement, your goods might be seized by the customs, so don’t forget to ask customs authorities if your goods need to be labeled with a trade description.
5. Apply for an ABN
ABN is the abbreviation of Australian Business Number, an 11 digit number used to identify your business to your customers, suppliers, and the government.
ABN is related to your tax number, when importing to Australia, you need to provide your ABN to the customs so that you can register for tax purposes.
Having an ABN would enable you to:
- identify your business to your customers and suppliers when ordering and invoicing
- avoid PAYG (pay as you go) tax on payments you get
- claim GST (goods and services tax) credits
- claim energy grants credits
- get an Australian domain name
6. Comply with product safety standards and substance restrictions
Many products such as electronics, vehicles, or textiles that you imported from China to Australia will be covered by one or more safety standards or substance restrictions.
Importing products in violation of safety products and substance restrictions into Australia will be deemed as an offense, which may lead to a forced recall or a huge number of penalties.
That is to say, ensuring compliance in this regard is more than important to your importation.
To do that, you could start by knowing the Australian / New Zealand Standard, also known as AS/NZS, which is often referred to in product safety regulations in Australia. And always remember to check out the mandatory safety standards published by the Australian Government on the Product Safety Australia website.
Generally, all goods imported from China to Australia, if not under exemption or concession, are liable for import duties.
Knowing how to calculate these import duties is significant to an importer, it’ll help you to estimate your profit margin and determine your product price on a more precise basis.
1. Calculate customs value
When imported to Australia, your goods will be valued for customs purposes. The customs value is used as the basis to calculate your import duties.
Under most circumstances, the customs value is calculated on the basis of the transaction value of your goods.
But, when there are factors such as the relationship between the buyer and seller that could influence the transaction price, the customs value will be calculated otherwise.
The optional calculate methods of customs value include:
- Identical goods value
- Similar goods value
- Deductive value
- Computed value
- Fall-back value
Calculation of customs value can be complicated, so I suggest you seek some advice from a professional customs broker or contact customs authorities directly before importing.
2. Calculate your GST
GST stands for Goods and Service Tax, which is payable under most circumstances when you import from China to Australia.
Normally GST is calculated on a 10% basis, and it is the sum of the following values related to the imported goods:
- Customs value (usually the FOB price)
- Customs Duty (usually 0% – 10% of the customs value)
- Cost of shipping to Australia (paid and payable)
- Shipping insurance (paid and payable)
3. Calculate your IPC
IPC means Import Processing Charge, which will be applied when you make an import declaration.
The charge rate will vary with the lodgement type and customs value.
If declarations are lodged electronically, then goods whose value is under $1,000 will not be charged; goods whose value is above $1,000 but under $10,000 will be charged $50; goods whose value is above $10,000 will be charged $152.
If declarations are lodged documentarily, then goods whose value is under $1,000 will still not be charged; goods whose value is above $1,000 but under $10,000 will be charged $90; goods whose value is above $10,000 will be charged $192.
Even for those who are familiar with the process of importing from China to Australia, some mistakes leading to financial losses can be hard to avoid.
Bear the following tips in mind would make it easier for you to minimize your losses.
1. Be careful about supplier scams
You can never be too careful when choosing a supplier. Even on big e-commerce platforms such as Alibaba, there are buyers being scammed by suppliers oftentimes.
So, if you don’t know how to avoid supplier scams and how to identify bad suppliers, you might lose money long before you start the importation process.
2. Avoid product quality issues
Before you initiate the shipping process, you have to confirm that the quality of your goods is ensured. Sometimes a quality sample doesn’t represent the bulk products are at the same level of quality as the sample.
If you find quality issues after your goods arrived in Australia, even if your supplier agree to give you a refund, you might still need to ship the goods back to China, which means you have to go through all the shipping and customs clearance and other processes all over again, and this could be both money-consuming and time-consuming.
3. Make sure your supplier fully understand Australian product standards
Compared to the USA or the European market, Australia can be a relatively unfamiliar market to many Chinese suppliers, and so are Australian product standards.
So, it’s on you to make them completely understand the relevant standards and requirements to make sure your goods are properly labeled and have all the necessary certificates so that the customs can’t seize your goods for any reason in this respect.
4. Remember to collect your refund of customs duty
Under certain circumstances, you might be entitled to a refund of some, or all, of the customs duty that you have paid on imported goods. You can check the refundable circumstances published by ABF or just make an inquiry with your import broker or ask the customs directly to see if you are eligible for a refund.
If the answer is positive, then you can submit an application through the Integrated Cargo System.
Thanks for your reading, if you find this article useful, please feel free to share it with others. If you have anything to say or any questions after reading, please leave a comment below.
We are Jingsourcing, a leading sourcing agency in China, dedicated to helping our clients, many of whom are Australian sellers, to source products from China with the most competitive prices. If you are interested in importing from China, please feel free to CONTACT US.